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American Economic Review: Vol. 103 No. 3 (May 2013)

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The Effects of School Calendar Type on Maternal Employment across Racial Groups: A Story of Child Care Availability

Article Citation

Graves, Jennifer. 2013. "The Effects of School Calendar Type on Maternal Employment across Racial Groups: A Story of Child Care Availability." American Economic Review, 103(3): 279-83.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.279

Abstract

This paper presents evidence that school districts' use of an alternative academic calendar, the year-round school calendar, results in a reduction in maternal employment for women with school-aged children that varies in magnitude across racial groups. Negative employment effects are larger in districts with a particularly high proportion white and smaller in districts with a particularly high proportion of minorities. The larger effects in primarily white school districts is not likely to be explained by income differences, yet could potentially be explained by the lower reliance on relatives for child care among whites than minorities.

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Graves, Jennifer (U OK)

JEL Classifications

I21: Analysis of Education
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J15: Economics of Minorities, Races, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination


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