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American Economic Review: Vol. 103 No. 3 (May 2013)

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The Geography of Trade and Technology Shocks in the United States

Article Citation

Autor, David H., David Dorn, and Gordon H. Hanson. 2013. "The Geography of Trade and Technology Shocks in the United States." American Economic Review, 103(3): 220-25.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.220

Abstract

This paper explores the geographic overlap of trade and technology shocks across local labor markets in the United States. Regional exposure to technological change, as measured by specialization in routine task-intensive production and clerical occupations, is largely uncorrelated with regional exposure to trade competition from China. While the impacts of technology are dispersed throughout the United States, the impacts of trade tend to be more geographically concentrated, owing in part to the spatial agglomeration of labor-intensive manufacturing. Our findings highlight the feasibility of separately identifying the impacts of recent changes in trade and technology on US regional economies.

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Authors

Autor, David H. (MIT)
Dorn, David (CEMFI, Madrid)
Hanson, Gordon H. (U CA, San Diego)

JEL Classifications

D31: Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
F16: Trade and Labor Market Interactions
O33: Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
R12: Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity
R23: Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics


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