Exports, Export Destinations, and Skills
Daniel Lederman, and
Guido Porto. 2012. "Exports, Export Destinations, and Skills."
American Economic Review,
This paper explores the links between exports, export destinations,
and skill utilization. We identify two mechanisms behind these links:
differences across destinations in quality valuation and in exporting
required services, activities that are intensive in skilled labor.
Depending on the characteristics of the source country (income,
language), the theories suggest a skill-bias in export destinations.
We test the theory using a panel of Argentine manufacturing firms.
We find that Argentine firms exporting to high-income countries
hired more skilled workers than other exporters and domestic firms.
Instead, we cannot identify any causal effect of exporting per se on
skill utilization. (JEL F14, F16, J24, L60, O14, O19)
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Brambilla, Irene (National U La Plata)
Lederman, Daniel (World Bank)
Porto, Guido (National U La Plata)
F14: Empirical Studies of Trade
F16: Trade and Labor Market Interactions
J24: Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
L60: Industry Studies: Manufacturing: General
O14: Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
O19: International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations