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American Economic Review: Vol. 101 No. 7 (December 2011)

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School Desegregation, School Choice, and Changes in Residential Location Patterns by Race

Article Citation

Baum-Snow, Nathaniel, and Byron F. Lutz. 2011. "School Desegregation, School Choice, and Changes in Residential Location Patterns by Race." American Economic Review, 101(7): 3019-46.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.101.7.3019

Abstract

This paper examines the residential location and school choice responses to the desegregation of large urban public school districts. We decompose the well documented decline in white public enrollment following desegregation into migration to suburban districts and increased private school enrollment and find that migration was the more prevalent response. Desegregation caused black public enrollment to increase significantly outside of the South, mostly by slowing decentralization of black households to the suburbs, and large black private school enrollment declines in southern districts. Central district school desegregation generated only a small portion of overall urban population decentralization between 1960 and 1990. (JEL H75, I21, J15, R23)

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Authors

Baum-Snow, Nathaniel (Brown U)
Lutz, Byron F. (Federal Reserve Board)

JEL Classifications

H75: State and Local Government: Health; Education; Welfare; Public Pensions
I21: Analysis of Education
J15: Economics of Minorities, Races, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
R23: Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics


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