Superfund Cleanups and Infant Health
Michael Greenstone, and
Enrico Moretti. 2011. "Superfund Cleanups and Infant Health."
American Economic Review,
We are the first to examine the effect of Superfund cleanups on infant health rather than focusing on proximity to a site. We study singleton births to mothers residing within 5km of a Superfund site between 1989-2003 in five large states. Our "difference in differences" approach compares birth outcomes before and after a site clean-up for mothers who live within 2,000 meters of the site and those who live between 2,000-5,000 meters of a site. We find that proximity to a Superfund site before cleanup is associated with a 20 to 25% increase in the risk of congenital anomalies.
Article Full-Text Access
Currie, Janet (Columbia U)
Greenstone, Michael (MIT)
Moretti, Enrico (U CA, Berkeley)
I12: Health Production
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Q53: Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling