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American Economic Review: Vol. 100 No. 4 (September 2010)

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The Gender Wage Gap and Domestic Violence

Article Citation

Aizer, Anna. 2010. "The Gender Wage Gap and Domestic Violence." American Economic Review, 100(4): 1847-59.

DOI: 10.1257/aer.100.4.1847

Abstract

Three quarters of all violence against women is perpetrated by domestic partners. This study exploits exogenous changes in the demand for labor in female-dominated industries to estimate the impact of the male-female wage gap on domestic violence. Decreases in the wage gap reduce violence against women, consistent with a household bargaining model. These findings shed new light on the health production process as well as observed income gradients in health and suggest that in addition to addressing concerns of equity and efficiency, pay parity can also improve the health of American women via reductions in violence. (JEL D13, I12, J16, J23, J31)

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Authors

Aizer, Anna (Brown U)

JEL Classifications

D13: Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation
I12: Health Production
J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
J23: Labor Demand
J31: Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials


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